Science, Technology and Innovation are the driving forces for economic growth and an efficient vehicle towards building – up knowledge based society, which enables modernization, and enhance Egypt’s competitiveness in the global market. Therefore, the government of Egypt placed Research and Innovation at the heart of its development strategy. In 2006 the Decade for Science and Technology (2007-2016) was announced to provide political support to the government’s plans aiming at empowering the country’s science, technology and innovation capabilities. The Higher Council for Science and Technology was established with the objective of developing the country’s strategic plan for scientific research, setting the vision and the priorities for S&T, and ensuring the implementation of such plans.
Foremost among these initiatives the Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) Programme was launched with a grant of €11 million by the Ministry of Scientific Research and the European Commission in October 2007. In continuation to its success in May 2011 a second financial agreement was signed granting Egypt further € 20 million to build on the experience accumulated during the implementation period of RDI Programme – Phase 1 and to further realize a stronger impact to the development of an innovation culture for the benefit of the Egyptian industry and to foster the progressive movement of the Egyptian economy.